In the gospel of Matthew, chapter 13, Jesus decides to give an in-depth teaching on God's Kingdom. He employs parables to communicate spiritual truths and realities in a context that those who are listening to Him can understand. After providing this extensive teaching on the Kingdom, Jesus turns to His disciples and asks them: “Have you understood all these things?” They said to Him, “Yes, Lord.” Then He said to them, “Therefore every scribe instructed concerning the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who brings out of his treasure things new and old.” Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these parables, that He departed from there."
After the disciple confirmed that they understood what Jesus taught, many believe that Jesus was finished teaching. However, Jesus went on to say that:"the kingdom of heaven is like....". This is the same language He used in the previous verses of His teaching on the Kingdom. Jesus, being the master teacher, reserves for last that which He knows is essential for the disciples to, not only comprehend God's Kingdom, but to teach it to others. Jesus said that a teacher of the Kingdom must understand that its revelation is comprised of that which is both Old and New!
The "old" forms the foundation upon which the "new" is built upon. Many today teach the that which is contained in the Old Testament is not applicable or necessary for the New Testament believer. This is not a fruit of Jesus' teaching, for Jesus described what the Old Testament contained as being "treasure", along with that of the New.
The best way to conceptualize the Kingdom is to it being a "house" (See Gal. 6:10, Eph. 2:19, Heb. 3;6). Every house must have a foundation. The foundation supports everything that will be subsequently erected upon it. It is beneath the ground, and is the oldest part of the home. It importance can be overlooked once the home is built because it is no longer visible. It must be remembered, that just because it is not visible, does not mean that it is not important, even necessary, for the existence of that which is visible. Therefore, once the home is built, we can forget about that which made the beautiful home possible, and only see what is above ground. However, it is that which is not seen that gives the structure its integrity! Any structure without a foundation will lack integrity!
This truth is seen in the relationship between the Old and New Testament. The Old Testament is the foundation upon which the New Testament rest. We cannot claim that the Old Testament (foundation) is not necessary for the New Testament (building/house) without compromising the integrity of the entire house and its ability to stand the storms and winds that are certain to blow against it.
For the house to stand it takes both, the New and the Old!
Dr. J.C. Matthews
Chancellor & Ambassador
The International Kingdom Institute